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An open
competitive examination for recruitment of Junior Engineers, Group ‘B’
Non-Gazetted posts in the Pay Band of Rs.9300-34800/- plus Grade Pay Rs.4200/-.
1)  Central Water Commission -Junior Engineer (Civil)

2) Central
Water Commission- Junior Engineer (Mechanical)
3) CPWD Junior Engineer (Civil)
4) CPWD Junior Engineer (Electrical)
5) Department of Post Junior Engineer (Civil)
6) Department of Post Junior Engineer (Electrical)
7) MES Junior Engineer(Civil)
8) MES Junior Engineer(Electrical and Mechanical)
9) MES Junior Engineer(`Quantity Surveying and Contract)

Three years
Diploma or equivalent in Electrical or Mechanical or Civil Engineering from a
recognised University or Institute.
Scheme of
examination will be conducted in two stages:
  1. Written Test (500 marks)
  2. Interview ( 100 marks)
Subject Maximum Marks Duration & Timings

Objective type
Total marks
Time :2
(i) General
Intelligence & Reasoning     marks -50
(ii) General
Awareness  marks -50
(iii) Part
–A General Engineering (Civil & Structural)   marks -100
General Engineering (Electrical)
Conventional Type  
Total marks:
Time : 2
  General Engineering (Civil & Structural)
Part- B
General Engineering (Electrical)
General Engineering (Mechanical)
 Interview: 100
The standard
of the questions in Engineering subjects will be approximately of the level of
Diploma in Engineering (Civil/ Electrical/ Mechanical) from a recognized
Institute, Board or University recognized by All India Board of Technical
Education. All the questions will be set in SI units.
The details
of the syllabus
General Intelligence & Reasoning:
 The Syllabus for General
Intelligence would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. The
test may include questions on analogies, similarities, differences, space
visualization, problem solving, analysis, judgement, decision making, visual
memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical
reasoning, verbal and figure classification, arithmetical number series etc.
The test will also include questions designed to test the candidate’s abilities
to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships, arithmetical
computations and other analytical functions.
General Awareness:
 Questions will be aimed at testing the candidate’s
general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to
society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events
and of such matters of everyday observations and experience in their scientific
aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include
questions relating to India and its neighbouring countries especially
pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity and
Scientific Research, etc. These questions will be such that they do not require
a special study of any discipline.
General Engineering (Civil and Structural), (Electrical & Mechanical):
Civil Engineering
Materials, Estimating, Costing and Valuation, Surveying, Soil Mechanics,
Hydraulics, Irrigation Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Environmental
Engineering. Structural Engineering: Theory of Structures, Concrete Technology,
RCC Design, Steel Design.
Electrical Engineering
concepts, Circuit law, Magnetic Circuit, AC Fundamentals, Measurement and
Measuring instruments, Electrical Machines, Fractional Kilowatt Motors and
single phase induction Motors, Synchronous Machines, Generation, Transmission
and Distribution, Estimation and Costing, Utilization and Electrical Energy,
Basic Electronics.
Mechanical Engineering
Theory of
Machines and Machine Design, Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials,
Properties of Pure Substances, 1st Law of Thermodynamics, 2nd Law of
Thermodynamics, Air standard Cycles for IC Engines, IC Engine Performance, IC
Engines Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication, Rankine cycle of
System, Boilers, Classification, Specification, Fitting & Accessories, Air
Compressors & their cycles, Refrigeration cycles, Principle of
Refrigeration Plant, Nozzles & Steam Turbines. Properties &
Classification of Fluids, Fluid Statics, Measurement of Fluid Pressure, Fluid
kinematics, Dynamics of Ideal fluids, Measurement of Flow rate, basic
principles, Hydraulic Turbines, Centrifugal Pumps, Classification of steels.
Paper II
( Part-A) :
& Structural Engineering
Engineering :Building Materials :
 Physical and Chemical properties,
classification, standard tests, uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials
e.g. building stones, silicate based materials, cement (Portland), asbestos
products, timber and wood based products, laminates, bituminous materials,
paints, varnishes.
Costing and Valuation: 
estimate, glossary of technical terms, analysis
of rates, methods and unit of measurement, Items of work – earthwork, Brick
work (Modular & Traditional bricks), RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work,
Painting, Flooring, Plastering. Boundary wall, Brick building, Water Tank,
Septic tank, Bar bending schedule, Centre line method, Mid-section formula,
Trapezodial formula, Simpson’s rule. Cost estimate of Septic tank, flexible
pavements, Tube well, isolates and combined footings, Steel Truss, Piles and
pile-caps. Valuation – Value and cost, scrap value, salvage value, assessed
value, sinking fund, depreciation and obsolescence, methods of valuation.
 Principles of surveying, measurement of distance, chain surveying,
working of prismatic compass, compass traversing, bearings, local attraction,
plane table surveying, theodolite traversing, adjustment of theodolite,
Levelling, Definition of terms used in levelling, contouring, curvature and refraction
corrections, temporary and permanent adjustments of dumpy level, methods of
contouring, uses of contour map, tachometric survey, curve setting, earth work
calculation, advanced surveying equipment.
Mechanics :
 Origin of soil, phase diagram, Definitions-void ratio,
porosity, degree of saturation, water content, specific gravity of soil grains,
unit weights, density index and interrelationship of different parameters,
Grain size distribution curves and their uses. Index properties of soils, Atterberg’s
limits, ISI soil classification and plasticity chart. Permeability of soil,
coefficient of permeability, determination of coefficient of permeability,
Unconfined and confined aquifers, effective stress, quick sand, consolidation
of soils, Principles of consolidation, degree of consolidation,
pre-consolidation pressure, normally consolidated soil, e-log p curve,
computation of ultimate settlement. Shear strength of soils, direct shear test,
Vane shear test, Triaxial test. Soil compaction, Laboratory compaction test,
Maximum dry density and optimum moisture content,  earth pressure
theories, active and passive earth pressures, Bearing capacity of soils, plate
load test, standard penetration test.
Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli’s
theorem and its application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs,
flumes, spillways, pumps and turbines.
Irrigation Engineering: Definition,
necessity, benefits,  effects of irrigation, types and methods of
irrigation, Hydrology – Measurement of rainfall, run off coefficient, rain
gauge, losses from precipitation – evaporation, infiltration, etc. Water
requirement of crops, duty, delta and base period, Kharif and Rabi Crops,
Command area, Time factor, Crop ratio, Overlap allowance, Irrigation
efficiencies. Different type of canals, types of canal irrigation, loss of
water in canals. Canal lining – types and advantages. Shallow and deep to
wells, yield from a well. Weir and barrage, Failure of weirs and permeable
foundation, Slit and Scour, Kennedy’s theory of critical velocity. Lacey’s
theory of uniform flow. Definition of flood, causes and effects, methods of
flood control, water logging, preventive measure. Land reclamation,
Characteristics of affecting fertility of soils, purposes, methods, description
of land and reclamation processes. Major irrigation projects in India.
Highway Engineering – cross sectional elements, geometric
design, types of pavements, pavement materials – aggregates and bitumen,
different tests, Design of flexible and rigid pavements – Water Bound Macadam
(WBM) and Wet Mix Macadam (WMM), Gravel Road, Bituminous construction, Rigid
pavement joint, pavement maintenance, Highway drainage, Railway Engineering-
Components of permanent way – sleepers, ballast, fixtures and fastening, track
geometry, points and crossings, track junction, stations and yards. Traffic
Engineering – Different traffic survey, speed-flow-density and their
interrelationships, intersections and interchanges, traffic signals, traffic
operation, traffic signs and markings, road safety.
 Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of
water, distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage systems, circular
sewer, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances, sewage treatments. Surface water
drainage. Solid waste management – types, effects, engineered management
system. Air pollution – pollutants, causes, effects, control. Noise pollution –
cause, health effects, control.
Theory of
 Elasticity constants, types of beams – determinate and
indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported,
cantilever and over hanging beams. Moment of area and moment of inertia for
rectangular & circular sections, bending moment and shear stress for tee,
channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric
loads, slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load
and columns, Torsion of circular section.
Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement
aggregates, importance of water quality, water cement ratio, workability, mix
design, storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and curing
of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather
concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structures.
 RCC beams-flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength,
design of singly reinforced and double reinforced beams, cantilever beams.
T-beams, lintels. One way and two way 12 slabs, isolated footings. Reinforced
brick works, columns, staircases, retaining wall, water tanks (RCC design
questions may be based on both Limit State and Working Stress methods). Steel
Design: Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams roof trusses
plate girders.

Part-B (Electrical Engineering):

concepts : 
Concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance, and
various factors affecting them. Concepts of current, voltage, power, energy and
their units.
law :
 Kirchhoff’s law, Simple Circuit solution using network theorems.
Circuit :
 Concepts of flux, mmf, reluctance, Different kinds of
magnetic materials, Magnetic calculations for conductors of different
configuration e.g. straight, circular, solenoidal, etc. Electromagnetic
induction, self and mutual induction.
 Instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of
alternating waves, Representation of sinusoidal wave form, simple series and
parallel AC Circuits consisting of R.L. and C, Resonance, Tank Circuit. Poly
Phase system – star and delta connection, 3 phase power, DC and sinusoidal
response of R-Land R-C circuit.
and measuring instruments:
 Measurement of power (1 phase and 3 phase,
both active and re-active) and energy, 2 wattmeter method of 3 phase power
measurement. Measurement of frequency and phase angle. Ammeter and voltmeter
(both moving oil and moving iron type), extension of range wattmeter,
Multimeters, Megger, Energy meter AC Bridges. Use of CRO, Signal Generator, CT,
PT and their uses. Earth Fault detection.
Machines :
(a) D.C.
Machine – Construction, Basic Principles of D.C. motors and generators, their
characteristics, speed control and starting of D.C. Motors. Method of braking
motor, Losses and efficiency of D.C. Machines.
(b) 1 phase
and 3 phase transformers – Construction, Principles of operation, equivalent
circuit, voltage regulation, O.C. and S.C. Tests, Losses and efficiency. Effect
of voltage, frequency and wave form on losses. Parallel operation of 1 phase /3
phase transformers. Auto transformers.
(c)3 phase
induction motors, rotating magnetic field, principle of operation, equivalent
circuit, torque-speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3 phase
induction motors. Methods of braking, effect of voltage and frequency variation
on torque speed characteristics.
Kilowatt Motors and Single Phase Induction Motors: Characteristics and
 : Generation of 3-phase e.m.f. armature reaction, voltage
regulation, parallel operation of two alternators, synchronizing, control of
active and reactive power. Starting and applications of synchronous motors.
Transmission and Distribution :
 Different types of power stations,
Load factor, diversity factor, demand factor, cost of generation,
inter-connection of power stations. Power factor improvement, various types of
tariffs, types of faults, short circuit current for symmetrical faults.
Switchgears – rating of circuit breakers, Principles of arc extinction by oil
and air, H.R.C. Fuses, Protection against earth leakage / over current, etc.
Buchholtz relay, Merz-Price system of protection of generators &
transformers, protection of feeders and bus bars. Lightning arresters, various
transmission and distribution system, comparison of conductor materials,
efficiency of different system. Cable – Different type of cables, cable rating
and derating factor.
and costing :
 Estimation of lighting scheme, electric installation of
machines and relevant IE rules. Earthing practices and IE Rules.
of Electrical Energy :
 Illumination, Electric heating, Electric
welding, Electroplating, Electric drives and motors.
Electronics :
 Working of various electronic devices e.g. P N Junction
diodes, Transistors (NPN and PNP type), BJT and JFET. Simple circuits using
these devices.
Part- C
(Mechanical Engineering
Theory of
Machines and Machine Design
 :Concept of simple machine, Four bar
linkage and link motion, Flywheels and fluctuation of energy, Power
transmission by belts – V-belts and Flat belts, Clutches – Plate and Conical
clutch, Gears – Type of gears, gear profile and gear ratio calculation,
Governors – Principles and classification, Riveted joint, Cams, Bearings,
Friction in collars and pivots.
Mechanics and Strength of Materials:
 Equilibrium of Forces, Law of
motion, Friction, Concepts of stress and strain, Elastic limit and elastic
constants, Bending moments and shear force diagram, Stress in composite bars,
Torsion of circular shafts, Bucking of columns – Euler’s and Rankin’s theories,
Thin walled pressure vessels.
: Properties of Pure Substances : p-v & P-T diagrams of pure
substance like H2O, Introduction of steam table with respect to steam
generation process; definition of saturation, wet & superheated status.
Definition of dryness fraction of steam, degree of superheat of steam. H-s
chart of steam (Mollier’s Chart).
1 st Law
of Thermodynamics :
 Definition of stored energy & internal energy,
1st Law of Thermodynamics of cyclic process, Non Flow Energy Equation, Flow
Energy & Definition of Enthalpy, Conditions for Steady State Steady Flow;
Steady State Steady Flow Energy Equation. 2 nd Law of Thermodynamics :
Definition of Sink, Source Reservoir of Heat, Heat Engine, Heat Pump &
Refrigerator; Thermal Efficiency of Heat Engines & co-efficient of
performance of Refrigerators, Kelvin – Planck & Clausius.
Law of Thermodynamics
: Absolute or Thermodynamic Scale of temperature, Clausius
Integral, Entropy, Entropy change calculation of ideal gas processes. Carnot
Cycle & Carnot Efficiency, PMM-2; definition & its impossibility.
standard Cycles for IC engines :
 Otto cycle; plot on P-V, T-S Planes;
Thermal Efficiency, Diesel Cycle; Plot on P-V, T-S planes; Thermal efficiency.
IC Engine
: IC Engine Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication.
cycle of steam :
 Simple Rankine cycle plot on P-V, T-S, h-s planes,
Rankine cycle efficiency with & without pump work.
Classification; Specification;
& Accessories : Fire Tube & Water Tube Boilers.
Compressors & their cycles; Refrigeration cycles;
Principle of
a Refrigeraton Plant; Nozzles & Steam Turbines Fluid Mechanics &
Machinery .
& Classification of Fluid :
 ideal & real fluids, Newton’s law
of viscosity, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids, compressible and
incompressible fluids.
 : Pressure at a point.
of Fluid Pressure :
 Manometers, U-tube, Inclined tube. Fluid
Kinematics : Stream line, laminar & turbulent flow, external & internal
flow, continuity equation.
of ideal fluids
 : Bernoulli’s equation, Total head; Velocity head;
Pressure head; Application of Bernoulli’s equitation.
of Flow rate Basic Principles : 
Venturimeter, Pilot tube, Orifice
Turbines :
 Classifications, Principles.
 : Classifications, Principles, Performance.
of Steels
 : mild steal & alloy steel, Heat treatment of steel,
Welding – Arc Welding, Gas Welding, Resistance Welding, Special Welding
Techniques i.e. TIG, MIG, etc. (Brazing & Soldering), Welding Defects &
Testing; NDT, Foundry & Casting – methods, defects, different casting processes,
Forging, Extrusion, etc, Metal cutting principles, cutting tools, Basic
Principles of machining with (i) Lathe (ii) Milling (iii) Drilling (iv) Shaping
(v) Grinding, Machines, tools & manufacturing processes.


Reviewed by SSC NOTES

October 30, 2017

Rating: 5


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